A Kihei Garden Newsletter for November

The weather is usually cool enough in November to plant Asian greens, endive, escarole, individual lettuces, mache, peas, radicchio and spinach. It's also the month I plant bulbing onions, red bunching onions, leeks, carrots and radishes.

If you live on the makai side of Piilani Hwy and you're planting cabbage this month I recommend planting early varieties. Cour d'bue, Early Jersey Wakefield and Testa di Ferro (at right) were the earliest cabbages I've grown. Photos and additional information can be found in my post about growing cabbages.

Seeds to plant in November:
Amaranth
Arugula
Asian Greens
Basil 
Beans (all types)
Beets
Broccoli
Broccoli Rabe (60 or 90 day)
Buckwheat
Cabbage (early varieties)
Carrots
Celery
Capers
Chard
Cilantro (plant in partial shade)
Corn
Cucumbers (Suyo grows well in the fall)
Eggplant 
Endive & Escarole
Fennel
Garlic (late November)
Herbs
Kale
Kohlrabi
Leeks
Lemongrass - Culinary
Lettuce
Mache
Mesclun Greens
Mint
Mustard Greens
Onions - Bunching (red & white)
Onions - Bulbing (short day -all colors)
Peas
Radicchio
Radishes
Spinach
Tomatillos
Tomatoes
Wheat

Spinach
Matador is the only true spinach I've been able to grow in Kihei. It's a heat tolerant variety from Italy - available from Gourmet Seed and Seeds From Italy. I've been able to plant Matador with good results from November through February.

Onions & Leeks
November is the month I plant bulbing onions, leeks and red/violet bunching onions. Early Texas Grano and White Bermuda were the best performing bulbing onions I've grown and both were sweet. Early Texas Grano seeds are widely available and White Bermuda seeds are available from Gourmet Seed.

Red onions need our coolest weather to grow to a normal size. The best results I've had with reds were Red Burgundy and Red Creole. Short day onions are recommended for Hawaii and a good source for short day onions seed is Sustainable Seed Company.

I've grown Blue Solaize, Sherwood and Tadorna leeks. All grew well when planted in November. Sherwood leeks are earlier and wider than Blue Solaize or Tadorna.

Capers
Caper seeds are normally planted in November and December. The seeds have low germination and don't usually begin to germinate until spring. Sources for seeds in the US are Gourmet Seed and Seeds From Italy. For more information see my post about growing Capers.

Snow & Sugar Peas
Peas grow best in Kihei when planted from mid-November through December. Most snow and sugar peas take about 75 days for the pods to develop.

A few of my favorite snow peas are Carouby de Maussane (at right), Oregon Giant and Super Sugar.

Potatoes
For information about ordering and planting potatoes - see the October newsletter.

Destructive Bugs, Larvae & Disease
See the October newsletter about preparing for the cabbageworm, the larvae of a white moth that usually becomes a problem in mid-November. Without protective measures, they can destroy the leafy green part of a garden in a short period of time. In Keonekai I didn't have problems with the fruit flies after September and only occassional pickleworm damage after October.